Introduction to French: Lesson 5

French for hi is salut.

It comes from the word salute. Imagine firing a salute every time you say hi.

French for that is ça.

It’s actually a shortened form of cela but that doesn’t really matter because you usually simply say ça.

French for goes is va.

How would you say:

1 translation: That goes.

How would you ask in the cool way:

2 translation: Does that go?

That’s how the French say how are you doing. Except they say that so much that they skip that est-ce que and they simply ask ça va ?. This ça va ? means how are you doing, what’s up or something like that. Literally it means that goes, though.

You would answer that goes well to mean I am fine. How do you say that goes well:

3 translation: I am fine.

As we have some more time left, let’s learn a few more things.

French for he wants is je veut.

It does not end with an e so the forms for you and I must be the same.

French for I want is je veux.

Try saying:

4 translation: I want that.

5 translation: Not that.

6 translation: What do you want?

Whenever you have words that end with e in the he form, you can do a trick:

To make a "he form" word (he does) into a "to form" word (to do; i.e. the infinitive) when the word ends with e, you simply add r to the end.

How would you say:

7 translation: To speak


8 translation: I don’t want to speak English.

French for I can is je peux.

This word is absolutely completely the same as veux except it starts with a p instead of a v. Say:

9 translation: I can speak French.

French for now is maintenant.

It is spelled exactly like main tenant. Imagine that you are a landlord and you have a lot of tenants and you have to find your main tenant now.

The word for now goes at the end of the sentence.


10 translation: I can speak French now.

This means that it’s time to wrap up this short course.

Before that, though, let’s have a short conversation to show off what you have learnt:

11 translation: Hi.

12 translation: Hi. How are you doing?

13 translation: I am fine. And ya?

14 translation: Me too, I’m doing good. Where are you from?

15 translation: I am from France. And ya?

16 translation: I am from England, me.

17 translation: Do you speak French?

18 translation: I speak French but I do not understand well. I can speak English.

19 translation: I want to speak French now. I can’t speak English.

This should do it.

Answers to Lesson 5

1 answer: Ça va.
2 answer: Est-ce que ça va ?
3 answer: Ça va bien.
4 answer: Je veux ça.
5 answer: Pas ça.
6 answer: Qu’est-ce que tu veux ?
7 answer: Parler
8 answer: Je ne veux pas parler l’anglais.
9 answer: Je peux parler le français.
10 answer: Je parle le français maintenant.
11 answer: Salut.
12 answer: Salut. Ça va ?
13 answer: Ça va bien. Et toi ?
14 answer: Moi aussi, ça va bien. D’où es-tu ?
15 answer: Je suis de la France. Et toi ?
16 answer: Je suis de l’Anglaterre, moi.
17 answer: Est-ce que tu parles le français ?
18 answer: Je parle le français mais je ne comprends pas bien. Je peux parler l’anglais.
19 answer: Je veux parler le français maintenant. Je ne peux pas parler l’anglais.